The Snow Goose breeds north of the timberline in Greenland, Canada, Alaska, and the northeastern tip of Siberia, and spends winters in warm parts of North America from southwestern British Columbia through parts of the United States to Mexico. They fly as far south as Texas and Mexico during winter, and return to nest on the Arctic tundra each spring. It is a rare vagrant to Europe, but a frequent escape from collections and an occasional feral breeder. Snow geese are visitors to the British Isles where they are seen regularly among flocks of barnacle, Brent and Greenland white-fronted geese. There is also a feral population in Scotland from which many vagrant birds in Britain seem to derive.
Appearance: – This goose has two distinct color morphs which is either white (snows) or grey-blue (blues). The white-morph geese are all-white with black wing-tips, while the blue-morph geese have a bluish-grey plumage with a white head, neck and tail tip. Both geese have a pink beak, and reddish-pink legs and feet. Both sexes are alike.
Size: – Typical Adult is 25-31 inches.
Food: – Aquatic plants, roots, seeds, grasses, grain, berries and insects.
Habitat: – Wetlands, marshes, and lakes in Alaska, Canada, Greenland, and north-east Siberia. Winters further south in the USA, and Mexico.
Breeding Season: – May to August.
Eggs: – 3 to 5 (creamy-white color).
Notes: – This goose belongs to the Chen genus (White Geese) and is divided into two sub-species: the Lesser Snow-Goose and the larger Greater Snow-Goose. The population has increased dramatically since the 1970’s, and the breeding population of the Snow Goose exceeds 5 million birds. These Geese often nest in very large colonies.