The Ross’s Goose breeds in northern Canada, mainly in the Queen Maud Gulf Migratory Bird Sanctuary, and winters much further south in the continent in the southern United States and occasionally northern Mexico. The plumage of this species is white except for black wing tips. It is similar in appearance to a white-phase snow goose but approximately 40% smaller. Other differences from the snow goose are that the bill is smaller in proportion to its body and lacks “black lips”. The dark phase is extremely rare.
Appearance: – This tiny goose has a white plumage with black wing-tips, a short reddish-pink beak with pale tip, the base of the beak has a greenish-grey warty area on the male, and legs and feet are reddish-pink. Both sexes are similar. This goose has a similar plumage to the Snow Goose (in white phase) but is a much smaller bird with a smaller beak, and a smaller and more rounded head.
Size: – Typical Adult is 22-25 inches.
Food: – Mostly grasses, sedges, shoots, and grain.
Habitat: – Arctic tundra, wetlands, and agricultural fields in north Canada – Queen Maud Gulf, and west of Hudson Bay. They winter further south in southern USA – California, Texas, and Louisiana.
Breeding Season: – Usually mid-June.
Eggs: – 2 to 8 (pale creamy-white color).
Notes: – This goose belongs to the Chen genus (White Geese). It is a small North American Goose which gets its name from Bernard R. Ross, a Hudson’s Bay Company factor at Fort Resolution in Canada’s Northwest Territories. This bird has extended its range and is increasing its population.