The Emperor Goose mostly breed along the western coast of Alaska, from Kuskokwim Bay to Kotzebue Sound, and on St. Lawrence and Nunivak islands. Emperor geese prefer to nest on banks along sloughs and rivers, elevated shorelines, marsh hummocks, pingos (low hills or mounds forced up by hydrostatic pressure in an area underlain with permafrost), flat grasslands, raised scour blocks, peninsulas and islands. They lay an average of 5 eggs. Most emperor geese winter along the Aleutian Islands, with fewer numbers along the south coast of the Alaska Peninsula and Kodiak and Afognak islands.
Appearance: – The Emperor Goose has a white head and neck, black chin and throat, short beak which is pink on top, black below, and bluish around the nostrils with white tip, the stout body is bluish-grey which is subtly barred, and the tail is white. Legs and feet are an orange-yellow color. Both sexes are alike.
Size: – Typical Adult is about 27 inches.
Food: – Eelgrass, seaweed, algae, sea lettuce, berries, also grazes on grasses, and will feed on molluscs and crustaceans.
Habitat: – Salt marshes, tundra meadows, flat grasslands, mudflats and coast in north-east Siberia, and Alaska around the Bering Sea. Winters mainly in the Aleutian Islands.
Breeding Season: – Begins late May to June.
Eggs: – 3 to 7 (creamy-white color).
Notes: – This goose belongs to the chen genus (White Geese). Although these geese are considered low risk at present, numbers have decreased. They are vulnerable to hunting and due to their limited range are at risk to local catastrophic events such as oil spills.