A familiar and widespread goose with a black head and neck, white chinstrap, light tan to cream breast and brown back. The Canada Goose population has swollen immensely over the past thirty years; just a decade or two after people intentionally introduced or reintroduced giant Canadian Geese to various areas, they are often considered pests.
Appearance: – The Canada Goose has a black crown, front of head, and neck, with distinctive white cheek patches and chinstrap, light creamy-brown breast, grey-brown back, under-parts from belly to tail are whitish, and the beak and legs are black. Both sexes are alike with the male usually slightly larger. It is very similar in appearance to the Cackling Goose.
Size: – Typical Adult is 30-43 inches.
Food: – Mostly grasses, seeds, aquatic plants, crops, and grain. Will also eat insects, molluscs and crustaceans.
Habitat: – Lakes, rivers, ponds, reservoirs, and fields in North America. Also introduced to UK and Scandinavia.
Breeding Season: – Late March to early April, or late May to June further north.
Eggs: – 3 to 7 (creamy white).
Notes: – The Canada Goose belongs to the Branta genus (Black Geese) and is the most common species of goose in North America. There are several sub-species including the Atlantic Canada Goose, Interior Canadian Goose, Giant Canada-Goose, Moffitt’s Canada-Goose, Vancouver Canadian Goose, and Dusky Canadian Goose. The Cackling Goose was considered to be the same species or a sub-species of the Canadian Goose but is now considered a different species despite the similarities. This goose is a common sight in city parks and they are happy to co-exist with people, although due to large numbers they are sometimes considered a pest.