Male – The male Surf Scoter has a glossy-black plumage except for white patches on the forehead and nape, a distinctive large red-yellow-white beak which is swollen at the base and has a round black patch on either side, white eyes and the legs and feet are reddish-orange.
Female – The female has a mostly brown body with a dark crown, and neck, with white patches on the face, blackish wings, a grey beak which is less swollen than the male, pale eyes, and brownish-yellow legs and feet.
Size: – Typical Adult is 17-19 inches.
Food: – Mainly dives for molluscs and crustaceans, also mussels, fish spawn, and insect larvae.
Habitat: – Coastal waters, rivers, wooded tundra, and large inland lakes in Canada and Alaska. Winters further south on the coasts of the USA, Great Lakes, and western Europe in smaller numbers.
Breeding Season: – From end of May onwards.
Eggs: – 8 to 9 (creamy or buff color).
Notes: – The Surf Scoter is a large sea duck. Although, not an endangered duck, the population has declined over the last 40 years, and many were lost during the San Francisco oil-spill in November 2007.