Appearance: – The Spot-billed Duck has a light-grey-brown head and neck with a dark blackish crown and eye-stripe, breast and under-parts are pale buff or whitish with brown spots, the back, rump and upper-tail are blackish-brown, wings are whitish with black feathers below with a white-bordered green speculum above and white tertials. The beak is black and tipped with bright yellow and there is a red spot at the base of the beak. Legs and feet are a yellow-orange color. Both sexes look similar. The Eastern or Chinese Spot-billed Duck lacks the red spot at the base of the beak and has a darker browner plumage (similar to a Pacific Black Duck) and has a blue speculum.
Size: – Typical Adult is about 23 inches.
Food: – Mainly aquatic plants, but also aquatic insects, larvae, molluscs, and worms.
Habitat: – Wetlands, reservoirs, freshwater lakes and marshes. The Spotbill is resident in the southern part of its range from Pakistan and India to southern Japan, but the northern subspecies, the Eastern or Chinese Spot-billed Duck, is migratory, wintering in Southeast Asia.
Breeding Season: – July to October in northern India, and November to December in southern India. .
Eggs: – 8 to 14 (white color).
Notes: – The Spot-billed Duck is a dabbling duck, and is sometimes just called the Spotbill. There are three sub-species of this duck: Indian Spot-billed Duck (Anas Poecilorhyncha Poecilorhyncha), Eastern or Chinese Spot-billed Duck (Anas Poecilorhyncha Zonorhyncha), and the Burmese Spot-billed Duck (Anas Poecilorhyncha Haringtoni).