Male – The male Tufted Duck has a distinctive tuft on its head giving the duck its name. The head, neck, and upper-breast are black with a purple sheen. The upper-parts, vent, and tail are black, the flanks, and abdomen are white.The wings are black with a white bar. The beak is grey-blue with a black tip and the eyes are bright yellow.
Female – Females are dark brown with a paler brown on the underside, and a shorter tuft.
Eclipse – The male in eclipse plumage is similar to the female with brownish black upper-parts and breast, whitish at the base of chin and throat, the breast feathers are edged with white and the sides and flanks are pale brown with whitish vermiculation.
Size: – Typical Adult is 16-18 inches.
Food: – Mussels, molluscs, aquatic plant seeds, snails, and insect larvae.
Habitat: – Lakes, ponds, rivers, estuaries, and seashore. Widespread in the UK, Europe, across into Asia, and east Japan. They winter in the milder south and west of Europe, southern Asia and all year in most of the United Kingdom.
Breeding Season: – May and June.
Eggs: – 8 to 10 (greenish-grey color).
Notes: – The Tufted duck is the most widespread diving duck in the UK, and Europe. This duck gets its name from the obvious tuft on its head.