The Araucana Chicken was produced in South America by the interbreeding of the Mediterranean breeds from Spain crossing with the native breeds. The Araucana Chicken originated from the province of Arauca in Chile. They were developed to make lavender and other colored birds in Scotland in the 1930’s by George Malcolm their original spelling being Aracuna.
Other birds arrived via soldiers returning and according to the book ‘Stairway to the Breeds’ from a shipwreck in the Orkneys. The birds are unique in that the blue green coloring permeates the shell rather than having a white inner layer.
Characteristics: There is a Rumpless variety of Araucana Chickens that have unique ‘ear tufts’ and lacks a ‘parsons nose’ hence the tail just falls down instead of being held aloft. Long deep bodied birds with tail and sickles carried at 45 degrees. Small pea comb face covered with thick muffling with no wattles. Compact crest. Various colors; white; lavender; blue; black-red; silver duckwing; golden duckwing; blue-red; pyle; spangled; cuckoo; black etc.
- Standard Weights: Cock-5 pounds; hen-4 pounds; cockerel-4 pounds; pullet-3-1/2 pounds.
- Skin Color: Yellow.
- Egg Shell Color: Green or blue.
- Use: A light fowl for the production of colored eggs.
- Origin: The ancestry of the Araucana is Chile, South America.
Interested in raising chickens, but not sure which breed might be right for you?
Things to consider:
Geography: Consider geography when selecting a breed. In cooler areas of the country, consider raising heavier birds. In hotter areas, consider lighter weight birds. Some birds have been specially breed for cold climates. Consider these birds if you live in a cold-climate area.
Space: Where will you be raising these chickens? Do you have a lot of farm land for the animals to be raised on, or are you planning to raise them in your backyard? If you have a small space in which to raise the birds, choose breeds with a calmer temperament and avoid birds that are listed as active. Active birds will not be happy in close confinement.
Temperament: When choosing a breed, consider temperament. Some breeds are calmer than others. If raising chickens in a backyard or in the city, you may prefer a calmer breed.