Appenzeller Spitzhauben Chicken
The Appenzeller Spitzhauben Chicken is the national breed of Switzerland, having existed there for centuries. The feathers of the crest should be forward facing–I have been told that Spitzhauben means pointed hat or bonnet. As far as I can understand, the proper plumage markings are black-tipped feathers, rather than the larger moonlike spangles found on Hamburgs. In the UK there is also a Black version of this breed.
With their crest, V-comb, and spangled plumage, these birds are very attractive out on grass. They are very good foragers, ranging far and wide. The Appenzeller Barthuhner is the second variety in this breed. It is a more powerfully built bird and lacks a crest. Instead it has a rose comb with a backward pointing spike, a full beard and white ear lobes.
Characteristics: Well rounded body with good tail held a right angles to the body. Crest held forward over face with two spiked horn comb with no side sprigs. A good forager and a reasonable layer.
- Standard Weights: Cock-8-1/2 pounds; hen-6 pounds.
- Skin Color: White.
- Egg Shell Color: White.
- Use: An ornamental fowl with fairly good egg production potential.
- Origin: Developed initially in Switzerland.
Interested in raising chickens, but not sure which breed might be right for you?
Things to consider:
Geography: Consider geography when selecting a breed. In cooler areas of the country, consider raising heavier birds. In hotter areas, consider lighter weight birds. Some birds have been specially breed for cold climates. Consider these birds if you live in a cold-climate area.
Space: Where will you be raising these chickens? Do you have a lot of farm land for the animals to be raised on, or are you planning to raise them in your backyard? If you have a small space in which to raise the birds, choose breeds with a calmer temperament and avoid birds that are listed as active. Active birds will not be happy in close confinement.
Temperament: When choosing a breed, consider temperament. Some breeds are calmer than others. If raising chickens in a backyard or in the city, you may prefer a calmer breed.