The Andalusian Chicken is named after the Province of Andalusia in Spain and is one of the oldest Mediterranean breeds. They were developed from white and black birds imported in around 1846 also shown at the Great Exhibition in 1851. Blue Andalusian Chickens are credited with being natives of Andalusia, a province in Spain.
They originated from crossing a black fowl with one of its white sports, these two colors producing a bluish-slate fowl. In Cornwall and Devon, England, similar blue fowls were produced by crossing black and white sports. This was before Andalusian Chicken’s were imported into England. They resembled the earlier Andalusian Chicken in type and color. The incidence of Black birds was increased with crossings with the Black Spanish and Minorca which substantially altered their shape from that of the early birds The modern Andalusian Standard Chicken should be symmetrical, graceful, compact, medium in size, and stately in carriage. The dull and uneven blue colored fowl of the past has been transformed into the attractive, laced breed of today by years of scientific breeding.
This was the breed that the early geneticist Gregor Mendel used in his experiments into color heredity. Show birds are blue with lacing, black and splash colors are also produced but are not permitted to be shown although the splash females are worth using within a breeding program.
Characteristics: Andalusian Chicken’s are small, active, closely feathered birds that tend to be noisy and rarely go broody. Andalusians are a typical example of the unstable blue color we see in the poultry industry. It is the result of a cross of black and white. When two blues are mated, they produce offspring in the ratio of one black, two blues and one white. These whites and blacks when mated together will produce mainly blues. Andalusians are beautiful when good, but the percentage of really good ones runs low in many flocks because of this color segregation. Hence, they are not widely bred and never in large numbers.
- Standard Weights: Cock-7 pounds; hen-5-1/2 pounds; cockerel 6 pounds; pullet-4-1/2 pounds.
- Skin Color: White.
- Egg Shell Color: White.
- Use: An ornamental fowl with fairly good egg production potential.
- Origin: Developed initially in Spain, the breed has undergone considerable development in England and the United States.
Interested in raising chickens, but not sure which breed might be right for you?
Things to consider:
Geography: Consider geography when selecting a breed. In cooler areas of the country, consider raising heavier birds. In hotter areas, consider lighter weight birds. Some birds have been specially breed for cold climates. Consider these birds if you live in a cold-climate area.
Space: Where will you be raising these chickens? Do you have a lot of farm land for the animals to be raised on, or are you planning to raise them in your backyard? If you have a small space in which to raise the birds, choose breeds with a calmer temperament and avoid birds that are listed as active. Active birds will not be happy in close confinement.
Temperament: When choosing a breed, consider temperament. Some breeds are calmer than others. If raising chickens in a backyard or in the city, you may prefer a calmer breed.