Guinea Fowl, which are native to Africa, were domesticated there more than 4,000 years ago by the Egyptians. The ancient Greeks and Romans acquired domesticated Guineas from both the East and West coasts of Africa and blended the two. They then featured them prominently in their gardens and aviaries. At the same time, they regarded Guinea Fowl as a table delicacy.
The Romans spread Guinea Fowl across Europe. With the fall of the Roman Empire, however, Guinea Fowl appear to have disappeared from northern and western Europe. In the 15th century, Portuguese traders introduced wild Guineas from West Africa into Europe and Guinea Fowl were again domesticated. They have been a popular domestic fowl ever since.
HEAD: Short and broad, topped with a triangular-shaped helmet, which slopes slightly down-ward at the rear. The area between the nostrils and the front of the helmet is flat. The face, back of the head, and the upper neck are devoid of feathers. At the back of the head, however, starting at the base of the helmet, there is a narrow band of hair-like plumage, pointing upward, that runs down the back of the head and neck to the hackle feathers. This band of hair-like plumage gets wider as it approaches and connects to the hackle.
NOSTRILS: Prominent; a narrow band of thick skin crosses the bridge of the nose between the wattles.
BEAK: Short, stout, and well curved.
EYES: Large, round, very alert; lashes–even, prominent, well formed
WATTLES: Stiff, wide, smooth, and free from folds or wrinkles. Both wattles cupped (concave and carried at a 90-degree angle to the side of the head).
NECK: Lower neck and hackle covered with small, fine, and narrow feathers. A slight dewlap is acceptable.
BREAST: Well rounded and prominent, carried above horizontal, and curving in an unbroken line to the hocks.
BACK: Very broad and sloping in a descending curve from the base of the neck to the tip of the tail. When showing, the carriage of the Guinea Fowl is upright.
WINGS: Large, wide, and strong, well tucked-in. No points will be deducted for pinioned wings.
BODY: Fairly long, deep, well rounded, and solid.
TAIL: Relatively short and carried low
THIGHS: Medium in length, lower thigh not visible from the aisle
SHANKS and TOES: Shanks relatively short and not feathered; feet with four straight, well spread, and strong toes. Males and females are both without spurs.
Same as male, except that the female’s helmet is smaller than that of the male, whose helmet is more elongated and broader at the rear than the female’s. The nostrils on the female Guinea Fowl are less prominent than on the male. Tucked wattles (carried flat, laterally, close to the side of the throat) or cupped wattles (concave and carried at a 90-degree angle to the side of the head) are acceptable on the female Guinea Fowl. When showing, the carriage of the Guinea Fowl is upright, although the female Guinea Fowl’s stance is not as upright as that of the male.
Types of Guinea Fowl
Fully Pearled – Pearl Gray – Lavender – Lite Lavender – Brown – Cinnamon – Buff Dundotte – Porcelain – Pied
Partially Pearled – Royal Purple – Bronze – Coral Blue – Lite Blue – Chocolate – Blonde – Buff – Opaline
Solid – Violet – Copper – Pewter – Slate – Sky Blue – Powder Blue – Pastel – Ivory – White
Only White, Pearl Gray and Lavender are recognized by the Standard of Perfection for showing Guinea Fowl.