Domestic Standard Ducks have served as a source of food and income for people in many parts of the world. Unlike bantam ducks, standard ducks are a source of meat as well as eggs and down-feathers. Standard Ducks are able to subsist and grow to maturity on relatively simple diets, based on locally available feedstuffs. Standard Duck meat and duck eggs are good dietary sources of high quality protein, energy and several vitamins and minerals. When properly included as part of a well balanced daily diet, duck meat and eggs can supply a substantial portion of the nutrients required by humans. Ducks may be raised in small or large flocks. A small flock of ducks may be kept by a household as a supplemental source of food or income. A small flock of ducks can be established at low cost. A higher investment is required to establish larger, or commercial flocks, which require better buildings, equipment and feeds. However, greater income, supporting several families may be realized if a large flock is properly managed.
Domestic ducks fall into the following major genetic classifications:
Common Standard Ducks
Most domestic ducks fall into this group. Common standard ducks are believed to have originated from the Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos). Some of the better known breeds of common ducks include the Pekin, Asylesbury, Rouen, Call, Indian Runner, Khaki Campbell, Cayuga, Albio, Maya, and Tsaiya. Different breeds and varieties of common ducks can interbreed and produce fertile offspring. Eggs from common ducks require about 28 days to hatch.