The Sumatra Chicken is a native of Sumatra, and, as far as known, is as pure blooded today as when first introduced in to America from Angers Point Sumatra in 1847. At this time they came under various names Sumatra Pheasant game, Sumatra Ebon Game and Java Pheasant Game. Because of its double spurs, it was desirable for cockfighting purposes.
However, because of poor timing, it arrived in England at about the same time that legal cockfighting was abolished. It is believed that this breed would have become very popular if this law had not been enacted. The breed was admitted into the American standards as early as 1883. They were brought into Britain in 1902 by Frederick R Eaton of Norwich.
Characteristics: The Sumatra Chicken is a fowl of graceful form and distinct carriage, with the richest of lustrous, greenish black plumage throughout. Its particular characteristic is the long flowing tail of the male, which has an abundance of long sweeping sickles and coverts. Multiple spurs are often found on males. Other characteristics are length and breadth of feather, extremely lustrous, greenish black plumage color and practically no wattle development. The females make excellent broodies.
- Standard Weights: Cock-5 pounds; hen-4 pounds; cockerel-4 pounds; pullet-3-1/2 pounds.
- Skin Color: Yellow
- Egg Shell Color: White
- Use: Exhibition
- Origin: Sumatra
Interested in raising chickens, but not sure which breed might be right for you?
Things to consider:
Geography: Consider geography when selecting a breed. In cooler areas of the country, consider raising heavier birds. In hotter areas, consider lighter weight birds. Some birds have been specially breed for cold climates. Consider these birds if you live in a cold-climate area.
Space: Where will you be raising these chickens? Do you have a lot of farm land for the animals to be raised on, or are you planning to raise them in your backyard? If you have a small space in which to raise the birds, choose breeds with a calmer temperament and avoid birds that are listed as active. Active birds will not be happy in close confinement.
Temperament: When choosing a breed, consider temperament. Some breeds are calmer than others. If raising chickens in a backyard or in the city, you may prefer a calmer breed.