The Crested Dutch, or Polish, of early writers were imported from eastern Europe, and upon landing in England, these were called ‘Poland Fowls’. On the Continent of Europe, the name ‘Padoue’ is applied to crested breeds. Charles Darwin classifies all the races of fowl with top-knots as ‘Crested or Polish’ but does not give any data regarding their origin.
Polish Chicken is a long established race of domesticated poultry. It was mentioned as a pure breed as early as the sixteenth century. There was even a class for them at the first poultry show in London in 1845. There are many illustrations in old poultry books of the Polish. It is among the most ornamental and beautiful breeds of poultry, highly prized for exhibition and the production of white-shelled eggs.
Characteristics: The most striking characteristic of the Polish Chicken is the large protuberance or knob on top of the skull from which the crest of feathers grow and the large cavernous nostrils are found only in crested breeds.
- Standard Weights: Cock-6 pounds; hen-4-1/2 pounds; cockerel-5 pounds; pullet-4 pounds.
- Skin Color: White
- Egg Shell Color: White
- Use: Exhibition and egg production.
- Origin: Europe
Interested in raising chickens, but not sure which breed might be right for you?
Things to consider:
Geography: Consider geography when selecting a breed. In cooler areas of the country, consider raising heavier birds. In hotter areas, consider lighter weight birds. Some birds have been specially breed for cold climates. Consider these birds if you live in a cold-climate area.
Space: Where will you be raising these chickens? Do you have a lot of farm land for the animals to be raised on, or are you planning to raise them in your backyard? If you have a small space in which to raise the birds, choose breeds with a calmer temperament and avoid birds that are listed as active. Active birds will not be happy in close confinement.
Temperament: When choosing a breed, consider temperament. Some breeds are calmer than others. If raising chickens in a backyard or in the city, you may prefer a calmer breed.