The Brazilian Duck is the only duck in the genus Amazonetta. It was formerly considered a “perching duck”, but more recent analyses indicate that it belongs to a clade of South American dabbling ducks which also includes the crested duck, the bronze-winged duck, and possibly the steamer ducks.
Male – The male Brazilian Duck has a light-brown plumage, dark crown, pale grey cheeks, red beak, dark-brown eyes, rufous brown breast, brown-black tail, iridescent green-blue upper-wings and dark lower wings, and legs and feet are orange-red.
Female – The female is similar but has a duller plumage, grey beak, a small white patch above the eye, white throat, and duller legs and feet.
Size: – Typical Adult is 14-16 inches.
Food: – Aquatic plants, seeds, roots, fruit, and insects.
Habitat: – Wetlands, freshwater lakes, lagoons, pools, and marshes throughout eastern South America from Uruguay to Argentina.
Breeding Season: – November to December in Paraguay, and June to July in northern Argentina.
Eggs: – 6 to 12 (pale-cream color or tinged with yellow).
Notes: – The Brazilian-Duck is sometimes considered to be a perching duck as it will perch in trees, however it may now also be considered to be a South American dabbling duck. This duck is fairly widespread throughout South America and is quite common. There are two sub-species: the Lesser Brazilian Duck (Amazonetta Brasiliensis Brasiliensis), and the Greater Brazilian Duck.
The different types of wild ducks can be grouped into puddle, aka “dabbling” and diving ducks. The dabblers mostly feed in smaller bodies of shallow water or along shorelines, where they are able to tip their bodies forward to reach their food on the bottom. There are divers who feed in deeper water where they dive and pursue their quarry. Some of these birds, the Harlequin Duck for example, actually dives to the bottom of fast-flowing waters and feeds on life forms attached to rocks.