Araucana Bantam Chicken
The Araucana Bantam Chicken was produced in South America by the interbreeding of the Mediterranean breeds from Spain crossing with the native breeds. The Araucana Bantam Chicken originated from the province of Arauca in Chile. They were developed to make lavender and other colored birds in Scotland in the 1930’s by George Malcolm their original spelling being Aracuna.
Other birds arrived via soldiers returning and according to the book ‘Stairway to the Breeds’ from a shipwreck in the Orkneys. The birds are unique in that the blue green coloring permeates the shell rather than having a white inner layer.
Characteristics: There is a Rumpless variety of Araucana Bantam that have unique ‘ear tufts’ and lacks a ‘parsons nose’ hence the tail just falls down instead of being held aloft. Long deep bodied birds with tail and sickles carried at 45 degrees. Small pea comb face covered with thick muffling with no wattles. Compact crest.
- Standard Weights: Cock-26 oz; Hen-24 oz; Cockerel-24 oz; Pullet-22 oz.
- Varieties: Black, White, Black Breasted Red, Blue, Buff, Silver.
- Skin Color: Yellow
- Egg Shell Color: Blue
- Use: Exhibition
- Origin: Chile
Bantams are suitable for smaller backyards as they do not need as much space as other breeds. Bantam hens are also used as laying hens, with some breeds laying up to 150 eggs per year. However, Bantam eggs are only about one-half to one-third the size of a regular hen egg. The Bantam chicken eats the same foods as a normal chicken. In commercial situations they are fed grain-based foods because this is convenient and efficient for the producer. Chickens in the wild eat more insects and vegetation than grains.
In contrast, the Bantam rooster is famous in rural areas throughout the United Kingdom and the United States for its aggressive, “puffed-up” disposition that can be comedic in stature. It is often called a “Banty” in the rural United States.
Many bantam hens are renowned for hatching and brooding. They are very protective mothers and will attack anything that gets near their young.
Bantams do have a higher mortality rate when they are kept as backyard pets. They are easy targets for hawks, cats, foxes, or any other small predator.