Poultry Breeding Principles of Breeding
The fundamental principles of scientific poultry breeding are as follows:
- Breeding should be purposive and the breeder should know the purpose of the breeding and the standard to which the birds are to be bred. It may be for size, weight, egg production, meat quality or combination of these factors. For example, poorly bred or desi hens are often voracious feeders, but because they are not bred for egg production, they do not lay correspondingly large number of eggs. The efficiency of conversion of feed into the eggs is an inherited trait and can only be reproduced in the succeeding generations by careful selection and breeding.
- Breeding should be done from parents which conform as closely as possible to the required standard.
- In selection and mating, all the birds which fail to possess the desired standards should be discarded and never used for breeding.
- The parents selected for breeding should also be pure breeds.
- For a successful breeding, selection must be practiced continuously and carefully, from the hatching to maturity.
- Environment plays an important part in breeding. So a favorable condition should be created in respect of housing, feeding, sanitation and general care.
- Pedigree breeding is an important practice wherein efficiency of matings can be measured and the selection and mating operations modified to ensure improvement But this is possible only in well-established farms, requiring lot of technical expertise, and accurate mating and breeding rewards.
- Introduce new stock into your breeding program to prevent inbreeding and weakening your flock.